Industry definition of industry bMedical dictiona
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An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility, an armed and self-governing association in the mediaeval commune; here independent urban republic (as in Italy and Germany), there taxable third estate of the monarchy (as in France), afterwards, in the period of manufacture proper, serving either the semi-feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoise against the nobility, and, in fact, corner-stone of the great monarchies in general, the bourgeoisie has at last, since the establishment of Modern
and of the world-market, conquered for itself, in the modern representative State, exclusive political sway.
To the great chagrin of Reactionists, it has drawn from under the feet of
the national ground on which it stood.
Subjection of Natures forces to man, machinery, application of chemistry to
and agriculture, steam-navigation, railways, electric telegraphs, clearing of whole continents for cultivation, canalisation of rivers, whole populations conjured out of the ground -- what earlier century had even a presentiment that such productive forces slumbered in the lap of social labour?
At a certain stage in the development of these means of production and of exchange, the conditions under which feudal society produced and exchanged, the feudal organisation of agriculture and manufacturing
, in one word, the feudal relations of property became no longer compatible with the already developed productive forces; they became so many fetters.
For many a decade past the history of
and commerce is but the history of the revolt of modern productive forces against modern conditions of production, against the property relations that are the conditions for the existence of the bourgeoisie and of its rule.
has converted the little workshop of the patriarchal master into the great factory of the industrial capitalist.
The less the skill and exertion of strength implied in manual labour, in other words, the more modern
becomes developed,the more is the labour of men superseded by that of women.
The lower strata of the middle class -- the small tradespeople, shopkeepers, retired tradesmen generally, the handicraftsmen and peasants -- all these sink gradually into the proletariat, partly because their diminutive capital does not suffice for the scale on which Modern
is carried on, and is swamped in the competition with the large capitalists, partly because their specialized skill is rendered worthless by the new methods of production.
the proletariat not only increases in number; it becomes concentrated in greater masses, its strength grows, and it feels that strength more.
This union is helped on by the improved means of communication that are created by modern
and that place the workers of different localities in contact with one another.
At first with the aristocracy; later on, with those portions of the bourgeoisie itself, whose interests have become antagonistic to the progress of
; at all times, with the bourgeoisie of foreign countries.
Further, as we have already seen, entire sections of the ruling classes are, by the advance of
, precipitated into the proletariat, or are at least threatened in their conditions of existence.
Industrieservice Produktionsservice Umwelttechnisches Service
Industrieverband Fahrzeugbau der DDR
Industrieverband Körperpflege- und Waschmittel eV
Industrin För Växt-Och Träskyddsmedel
Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation
Industry Accounting and Auditing Guide
Industry Advancement and Cooperative Fund
Industry Advisory Committee Meeting
Industry Analysis and Technology Division
Industry and Commerce Administration Bureau
Industry and Environment Office of UNEP
Industry and Science Development Program
Industry and Technical Base Capability
Industry Association Stewardship Mobilization
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