ts from The Economist Intelligence Unit

The Economist Intelligence Unit special reports provide executives with practical business information on macroeconomic events, country affairs and issues affecting industries. Each report contains a broad overview followed by a detailed analysis of underlying issues, and forecasts to help you prepare for future trends. Understand how to operate more effectively internationally, and discover opportunities in new markets by downloading our reports below.

Register for the EIUs upcoming monthly webinars, on a range of topics designed to support you with your business strategy. You can also view our archive of previous webinars.

Democracy Index 2021: the China challenge

Alongside the full global rankings table, a regional wrap-up and a look at the key country movers, this edition of the Democracy Index also asks the question: how much of a challenge does Chinas political model pose globally?

This year, Tel Aviv tops the rankings for the first time ever, making it the most expensive city in the world to live in. The Israeli city climbed from fifth place last year, pushing Paris down into joint second-place with Singapore.

This report, the eleventh in EIUs annual series, examines the opportunities and challenges ahead for seven sectors of the global economy.

EIU Risk Outlook 2022: 10 scenarios that could impact global growth and inflation

Whether its conflict arising between China and Taiwan, the emergence of new covid-19 variants, or inter-state cyberwar crippling infrastructure in major economies, this report explores 10 key risk scenarios to watch out for in 2022.

Chinas emerging city rankings 2021: unpacking opportunities under the 14th Five Year Plan

The EIUs emerging city rankings identify where in urban China new business opportunities are likely to arise. Hangzhou (Zhejiang) tops this years rankings, followed by other large cities in eastern coastal China. With strong talent and manufacturing bases, these cities will play an important role in Chinas transition to a more technology-driven growth model over the next five years.

How much will vaccine inequity cost?

This report by The Economist Intelligence Unit looks at the economic and geopolitical implications of vaccine inequity.

In this special report, The Economist Intelligence Unit (The EIU) gives a snapshot of 5G readiness in 60 of the worlds largest markets. Our analysis measures the current progress made on 5G spectrum auctions, coverage and speed, as well as 5G market potential, based on each countrys business environment and policy framework.

Global Liveability Index 2021: How the covid-19 pandemic affected liveability worldwide

This year, New Zealands most populous city, Auckland, is at the top of the ranking, owing largely to the impact of the pandemic on many cities around the world. Read our free summary of the entire ranking, including the top ten most and least liveable cities.

How the pandemic changed the global economy

The coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic has had a devastating impact on the global economy. To tackle the outbreak, developed countries have unleashed record-high amounts of fiscal stimulus, pushing public-debt ratios to unprecedented levels. Meanwhile, long-term growth prospects are grim. In this report, we take an in-depth look at the economic and political outlook in a world of high debt and low growth.

Q2 Global Forecast 2021: What next for vaccine diplomacy?

China and Russia are sending millions of doses of coronavirus vaccines to developing states. Through this vaccine diplomacy operation, Russia and China aim to strengthen their global presence and boost their bilateral relations with emerging countries.

Online retailing: how to navigate the new normal

In this special report, The Economist Intelligence Unit deep dives into the opportunities and threats facing online retailing in 2021, helping readers prepare for success in a fiercely competitive sector.

Africa-China relations - Taming the dragon: new frontiers of co-operation?

Despite a tough 2020, The EIU expects Sino-African relations to remain strong and new frontiers of co-operation will be explored in 2021 and beyond. This in turn poses the question: how can African markets fully exploit and benefit from this evolving relationship?

Democracy Index 2020: In sickness and in health?

Democracy was dealt a major blow in 2020. Almost 70% of countries covered by The Economist Intelligence Units Democracy Index recorded a decline in their overall score, as country after country locked down to protect lives from a novel coronavirus. The global average score fell to its lowest level since the index began in 2006.

Coronavirus vaccines: expect delays

In this special report, The Economist Intelligence Unit takes a closer look at some of the key issues associated with vaccinating the globe against Covid-19.

Brexit: risk and resilience for business

Our latest report looks at the medium-term impact that Brexit could have on nine sectors, bearing in mind the terms of the EU-UK Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA). By weighing risk factors against the potential resilience of each sector, we assess which businesses are likely to be hardest hit by Brexit and which are in the best position to ride it out.

Rising star: Vietnams role in Asias shifting supply chains

In this special report, The Economist Intelligence Unit takes an in-depth look at the strengths and weaknesses of Vietnams business environment, focusing on three key areas: labour, investment incentives and trade relations. We also benchmark the countrys business environment ranking against regional counterparts, providing a realistic view of Vietnam as an investment destination.

Written by our team of expert analysts, this special report provides a bitesize summary of the trends to watch in three key economies across Asia in 2021.

Written by our team of expert analysts, this special report provides a bitesize summary of the trends to watch in three key economies across Europe in 2021.

Digital disruption: risks and opportunities in the shift to online

In our latest report, we take an in-depth look at the sectors that have benefited from the acceleration in digitalisation, alongside a range of new geopolitical, regulatory and security risks that have emerged as a result.

Worldwide Cost of Living 2020: How is Covid-19 affecting employee expense trends?

Using key insights from The Economist Intelligence Units Worldwide Cost of Living Survey, our latest report explores the unprecedented shift in lifestyle caused by Covid-19. The report also highlights cost-of-living indicators that employers might need to re-evaluate when calculating salaries, adjusting compensation packages or determining business allowances.

Q4 global forecast 2020: A new era of slow growth, low inflation and high debt

The coronavirus outbreak has prompted advanced economies to unveil extraordinary fiscal measures. Eventually, countries will have to tackle such a large debt pile-up. This quarterly report by The Economist Intelligence Unit looks at how countries are likely to go about reducing their fiscal deficit and provides a longer term outlook for the G20 economies in a post-pandemic world.

Turning inwards: what Asias self-sufficiency drive means for business and investors

Focusing on Chinas dual-circulation strategy, Indias self-reliance movement and Indonesias renewed focus on the domestic economy, this special report by The Economist Intelligence Unit examines Asias drive for self-sufficiency. The report provides invaluable insights into what these inward economic shifts mean for foreign firms and investors and how they can best prepare in response.

US-China relations under a Biden presidency

Our latest report looks at how the growing rivalry between the US and China would continue to develop under a Biden presidency and shift away from trade towards other issues, including intellectual property (IP) protection, security and human rights.

Presidential election swings in Bidens favour: US 2020 Election Outlook

At the start of the year Donald Trump looked set to win a second presidential term. All of that has changed in recent months. In this special report, The Economist Intelligence Unit analyses what impact recent events are likely to have on the November election, with the odds now in Joe Bidens favour.

Covid-19: the impact on healthcare expenditure

Covered in this report, The Economist Intelligence Unit examines the impact the pandemic has, and will continue to have, on the healthcare sector in 2020 and into 2021.

The Great Unwinding: Covid-19 and the regionalisation of global supply chains

In this short report, The Economist Intelligence Unit examines how Covid-19 has impacted and will continue to fundamentally reshape global supply chains.

Q2 global forecast 2020: Coronavirus sinks global growth forecasts for 2020

The Economist Intelligence Unit expects that the global economy will contract by 2.5% in 2020 as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. This represents a much deeper global recession than that experienced during the global financial crisis. The negative effect on growth will come via both demand and supply channels. Quarantine measures, illness, and negative consumer and business sentiment will suppress demand, with the closure of some factories and disruption to supply chains creating supply bottlenecks.

US 2020 Election Outlook: Democratic race down to two contenders

Joe Bidens remarkable revival, exemplified by his Super Tuesday performance, leaves the former vice-president in a head-to-head contest against Vermont Senator, Bernie Sanders, for the Democratic nomination. Published by The Economist Intelligence Unit, this special report takes a look at where the race for the nomination is headed next, with key primaries taking place throughout March and April.

Top five risks to the global economy in 2020

In our latest report, The Economist Intelligence Unit identifies and assesses the top five risks to the global political and economic order in 2020. Each of the risks is outlined and rated in terms of its likelihood. This report provides a sample of our unrivalled risk-quantification abilities. Our renowned Country Risk Service and Risk Briefing products support our clients to anticipate and plan for the main threats to their organisations, supply chains and sovereign creditors.

US presidential election 2020: February primaries will narrow the field

In this special report, The EIU examines the challenges that Democratic candidates are currently facing and key signs to look for in each of the February primaries.

There has been a significant increase in the number of geopolitical events that have led to reputational damage to firms in recent years. In this special report, The Economist Intelligence Unit outlines how it can help companies in identifying and preparing against these threats.

In this special report, find out what to expect in the year ahead for six key industry sectors: automotive, consumer goods and retail, energy, financial services, healthcare, and telecoms.

Thank you for your interest in Microscope 2019 - now including a specific gender perspective to assess how financial inclusion policies affect women differently.

The EIU takes an in-depth look at how companies should be navigating risk, breaking down the process into an continual, four-step cycle.

US relations with Russia, Turkey and Iran: No dtente in sight

The Economist Intelligence Unit produces economic and political forecasts for more than 200 countries. This white paper highlights some of our key calls for Russia, Turkey and Iran, and their relations with the US.

The eius Worldwide Cost of Living report is a biannual survey comparing the cost of living in over 130 cities worldwide. The report examines more than 400 individual prices across 160 products and services.

Democracy index 2018 provides a snapshot of the state of democracy worldwide for 165 independent states and two territories. Find out where your country ranks by downloading this free report.

A new political phase for Europe: the outlook for 2019

This free report looks ahead to a momentous year for Europe 2019. Next year will see new leaders at both the European Commission and the European Central Bank, and an entirely new european parliament. Against the backdrop of a fragmented political landscape, growing euroscepticism and an economic slowdown, what are the likely implications for the European Union and its economy?

In our latest report, find out what to expect in the year ahead for six key industry sectors: automotive, consumer goods and retail, energy, financial services, healthcare, and telecoms. The report highlights the major risks that could affect our industry forecasts for 2019.

Creative disruption: Asias winners in the US-China trade war

Our latest report examines which countries in asia will benefit most from the US-China trade war. It focuses on the comparative advantages in the economies of north-east, south-east and south asia, examining the broader region overall, and discussing the opportunities and disruptions caused by the ongoing trade war.

Going global: Key corporate trends in developing markets

In our latest report, discover the ambitious strategies of 12 lesser-known companies, looking to expand in non-oecd markets. The companies span six 6 key industries: automotive, consumer goods, energy, financial services, healthcare and telecommunications.

The Economist Intelligence Units Global Liveability Index 2018 assesses which locations around the world have the best or worst living conditions. download this years free overview to find out where your city ranks.

Learning from Europe: the options for health and medicines financing in Romania

The Economist Intelligence units recent report, sponsored by the local american working group in romania, compares the healthcare systems of 12 eu countries in order to propose options for health and medicines financing in Romania.

The US-North Korea summit: What happens next?

This report assesses the short to medium term impact of the US-North Korea summit on june 12th. what concessions will be made towards denuclearisation? how will the summit affect relations with China and Japan? and how will it impact Inter-Korean engagement going forward?

Preparing for disruption: Technological readiness ranking

This report assesses how well prepared countries are for technological change. The index examines three factors - access to the internet, digital economy infrastructure, and openness to innovation - exploring why they are important, how they are changing, and which countries are best exploiting the opportunities that they offer.

The business reality check, developed by The Economist Intelligence Unit and presented by American Express, examines ten core business challenges from two perspectives: business views and market data, to reveal areas where a different focus could point to opportunity.

Trade war brewing? World trade in 2018

The ongoing trade dispute between the world’s largest economies, China and the US, will harm global trade in 2018. Read our latest report to find out the likely outcome of this dispute, the global appetite for new free-trade deals, as well as our forecast for global trade growth.

Worldwide cost of living compares more than 400 individual prices across over 150 products and services to provide a ranking of the worlds largest cities. Find out how your city fared by downloading a free copy of the summary report.

Communicating strategic insights effectively

In this white paper, we will discuss three ways of communicating strategic insights, in terms of both their analytical power and their ability to be digested by internal stakeholders. We begin with a framework appropriate for an a&i function that is trying to achieve traction, and end with a prescriptive action plan appropriate for an a&i function with recognised strategic credentials.

Value-based health in renal care in Latin America

The Economist Intelligence Units recent report value-based health in renal care in Latin America sponsored by baxter, assesses the challenges that chronic kidney disease pose to health systems, healthcare professionals, patients and their carers, and it explores a value-based proposition of renal care in Latin America.

This report, “unlocking value in US cancer care,” is a call to action. It recommends a pragmatic path to achieve better outcomes in cancer care in the united states, and is grounded in evidence, analysis and real examples of best practice. It is also a call of reasoned hopeâ€at heart demonstrating that step-changes in patient outcomes need not be accompanied by rising costs.

In this report, read our assessment of domestic politics in America, ahead of the 2018 mid-term elections. Find out our predictions for the outcome of these elections, and the main issues which could impact the results. How will republican divisions play out in the next year? And can the democrats capitalise on the republicans travails?

This report sets out our forecasts for six industry sectors †automotive, consumer goods, retail, financial services, healthcare and telecommunications †in 2018. What challenges and opportunities will each sector face? And how will the current political and economic climate impact this?

Russia and the EU: Friends or foes?

In this report, find out why we expect relations between Russia and the EU to be an uneasy mix of conflict and co-operation over the medium term. We also examine the relationship between key states in the eu and Russia †which countries are friends, and which are foes? How have these relationships developed in the past, and how will they evolve over time?.

Strong leader, tough decisions: What Chinas party congress means for economic policy

This white paper assesses the outlook for economic policy during Mr Xis second term, in light of the upcoming chinese communist party national congress. How will the president tackle Chinas debt overhang? And what impact will this have on economic growth?

Climate change mitigation opportunities index 2017

Thank you for downloading the climate change mitigation opportunities index, developed by the eiu with the morgan stanley institute for sustainable investing, is a starting point for investors to identify in-country investment opportunities in climate change mitigation technology.

How technology is driving retail in Africa

In this white paper, find out how technology is shaping retail markets in Africa, through rising smartphone penetration, the use of mobile broadband and network coverage on the continent. What does the future look like for these fast-growing retail markets, and which obstacles remain?

Building bridges: Latin Americas new trade agenda

This white paper examines what this new trade agenda will mean for Latin American countries, the opportunities presented by regional integration and trade diversification, and the political challenges it could face.

Tackling obesity in Asean: prevalence, impact and guidance on interventions

Obesity is a growing public health burden, not just in affluent countries but also in many developing nations at all income levels. The EIUs white paper responds to this challenge by providing an authoritative assessment of the current obesity landscape in a sample of six asean countries.

Cancer in China: Expanding market access for cancer therapies

In this paper, we explore the market landscape in China and market-access initiatives of companies offering cancer treatments, to help pharmaceutical companies to understand how to better facilitate early and expanded access to this market.

Progress and challenges for inclusive recycling: an assessment of 12 Latin American and caribbean cities

This EIU report benchmarks the institutional and operational context for inclusive recycling in the Latin America region.

Chinas supply-side structural reforms: Progress and outlook

Supply-side structural reform (sssr) dominates the economic policymaking landscape in China, shaping everything from the governments efforts to reduce excess industrial capacity to initiatives designed to curb high levels of corporate debt. in this whitepaper we provide the first comprehensive, independent analysis of the programme.

Water security threats demand new collaborations: Lessons from the Mekong River Basin

The report looks at the threat new hydropower construction poses to agriculture and fisheries, the risks urbanisation and agricultural run-off pose to water quality and the likelihood that a changing climate will exacerbate drought and flooding in the region.

The report looks at how major brewers have responded to the threat from craft breweries.

Good neighbour gone bad: Policy risks for Mexico and Latin America under Trump

The election of donald Trump as US president raises questions about his governments policy towards Latin America. In this whitepaper we assess the regional implications of potential US policy measures under mr trump in various key dimensions, including trade, remittances, immigration, aid and diplomatic relations.

Measuring the middle: Quantifying market opportunities in Latin Americas cities

Although Latin America has emerged from a commodity boom to chart a slowing rate of economic growth, its cities still present a compelling case for long term investment. In this whitepaper, we highlight some of the fastest growing city markets in the region and look ahead to explore the opportunities and risks that they will present, up to 2030.

The Democracy Index 2016 provides a snapshot of the state of democracy worldwide for 165 independent states and two territories&8212this covers almost the entire population of the world and the vast majority of the worlds states.

Towards disaster-risk sensitive investments: The disaster risk-integrated operational risk model

The Economist Intelligence Unit (eiu) has been commissioned by the united nations office for disaster risk reduction (unisdr) to develop an operational risk model that can factor disaster risk into operational risk. this report evaluates 20 countries in asia, europe, africa, Latin America and the Middle East.

The chinese economy is slowing and financial risks have mounted, but one bright spot remains - consumption. our whitepaper

forecasts developments in the consumer market that will be vital for companies to understand in order to grasp hold of the many emerging opportunities.

Getting ahead of the curve: Growth in Asias emerging consumer landscape

This EIU canback special report explains how Asias consumer landscape will evolve over the coming decade and how companies can benefit by leveraging analytics to anticipate turning points such as take-off or plateau points in the life cycle of a product category.

Asean cities - Stirring the melting pot

Our latest free report uses data from the EIUs market comparison and forecasting tool market explorer to examine the growth prospects of 50 key cities in the Asean region and explore the opportunities and challenges that this growth presents.

Creating growth in a flat world: How to identify, quantify and capture new growth opportunities

In this paper, EIU Canback, a management consulting firm recently acquired by The Economist Intelligence Unit, puts forward a structured approach to identifying, quantifying and capturing growth opportunities.

The evolving role of China in Africa and Latin America

China continues to play a pivotal role in both Africa and Latin America as a trade partner, investment facilitator and financial backer. our latest report assesses how Chinas relationship with both regions will evolve in the years ahead in view of the instability and uncertainty caused by its recent economic rebalancing act.

Election 2016: The unpopularity contest

Our latest whitepaper forecasts that Hillary Clinton will win the 2016 US presidential election, but this will be a one-term administration. Due to the high unfavourability ratings of both candidates, we explore what the future holds for the democratic and republican parties.

Brexit would push Europe back into crisis

In this report we examine how a vote for Brexit would usher in another phase of Europes rolling crisis and why it will invite fundamental questions about the viability of the european project.

Healthcare markets in Europe - What would be the impact of Brexit?

In a new EIU white paper we discuss the possible knock-on effects of Brexit for the national health service (nhs), the life sciences industry and health innovation in the uk.

A new EIU report explores the context surrounding Europes current crisis and outlines a number of key challenges that the region will face over the next 5 years.

Opening the books: Assessing local government credit risk in China

A new eiu report sets out a framework to help investors navigate the opportunities and risks associated with the local government bond market in China.

Worldwide Cost of Living report 2016

The report ranks 140 cities around the world based on how expensive they are to live in. find out how the cities were ranked by downloading a copy of the latest index.

A new EIU report, industries in 2016, brings together analysis and forecasts for six industries, identifying key strategic business issues in the year ahead.

As sales become more embedded in retail culture, with increasing intensification and globalisation of sales periods.

a new EIU report, explores the implications that this continuous sales season will have on the long-term outlook for the retail industry.

This new Economist Intelligence Unit report explores the background and context to the issues surrounding the upcoming Paris Climate Conference (30th november - 11th december).

This report from The Economist Intelligence Unit assesses the progress of implementing Value-based healthcare systems across the world. It highlights the latest steps that pioneering countries and companies have taken towards value-based healthcare.

Rising stars, fading comets: China emerging city rankings, 2015

The new emerging city rankings analyses the fastest growing cities in China and the impact they will have on future economic growth. Read the full report for more.

Crossing the frontier: The outlook for retail in Africa

As Africa grows in prominence is organised retail there ready to take off?

Results from the 2015 Global Food Security Index annual update reveal that food security improved in two-thirds of the 109 countries covered. Read the full report for more.

The 2014 Infrascope: Evaluating the environment for public private partnerships in Asia-Pacific

This benchmarking index and learning tool assesses and analyses the capacity of countries in the Asia-Pacific region to deliver sustainable public-private partnerships.

An EIU analysis report which compares the NHS with 30 other developed healthcare systems to gain a clear insight as to where the UKs healthcare system sits in the run-up to the may general election. Download your copy of the newly published report.

Private sector development in the Caribbean: A regional overview

This report explores private sector development in the Caribbean region.

Worldwide Cost of Living report 2015

The report ranks 140 cities around the world based on how expensive they are to live in. Find out how the cities were ranked by downloading a copy of the latest index.

The index provides a snapshot of the state of democracy worldwide for 165 independent states and two territories. Download your copy of the latest index.

Universal healthcare coverage in Indonesia

This report provides our perspective one year on from the implementation of UHC in Indonesia to help you identify opportunities for your business.

This report from The Economist Intelligence Unit Healthcare analyses how outcomes and spending differ in 166 countries worldwide, and outlines some of the reasons why those gaps have emerged.

The 2014 Global Microscope on Financial Inclusion

The Global Microscope 2014 highlights countries progress in establishing laws and regulations that enhance and support access to financial products and services for low-income populations. Download the report.

The China Going Global Investment Index 2014

Chinas role in the global economy is changing. The countrys imports are catching up with its exports. And foreign direct investment outflows are closing in on inflows. Find out which countries score the most and least well in the Investment Index by downloading this report.

Brazils political and economic outlook under Dilma 2.0

Brazils political and economic outlook under Dilma 2.0, focuses on the outlook for reforms and growth-enhancing policies in Ms Rousseffs second term, with a view to providing businesses operating in the country with unique insight into what to expect over the next four years.

China Index of Housing Affordability by City

The China Index of Housing Affordability by City (CIHAC), developed exclusively by The Economist Intelligence Unit, aims to shed a light on the cont